Developmental Milestones

Here is a guide for the parents, with information about the different developmental phases in the life of a child and speech and language development.Here, gross motor development refers to the way children move. Fine motor development refers to the way children manipulate different objects with their hands. Speech and Language development in child refers to their ability to communicate in their specific speech and languages and understand what the others are saying. Social and emotional development in children refers to the process in which they relate to others and increase their independence.

  • 3 to 6 months of age

Gross Motor: The head control abilities of the child grow by this time and they are able to roll over.
Fine motor: They are able to grasp different objects and bring different objects with their hands to their mouth.
Speech sounds: The children can babble, grunt and coo by this time. They can speak the vowels and consonants clearly. They make sounds when they notice toys and pays attention when music is played.
Emotional: They experience distress and enjoys when they are cuddled.
Social: The social developments include movement of eyes when sounds are made, smile towards the mother and the ability to recognize her. They expect to be fed and can distinguish between family members and strangers.

language development

  • 6 to 9 months of age

Gross Motor: The children can creep, crawl and sit with support.
Fine motor: They can release objects and transport them to the other hand.
Speech sounds: The children can babble tunefully during this time.
Emotional: The child cries when he is unhappy and develops a special emotional attachment towards his mother.
Social: It also responds to its own name and protests when it is separated from its mother. While playing it often smiles and enjoys “peek-a-boo”.

  • 9 to 12 months of age

Gross Motor: In this phase, the child sits up alone and can stand up on its own, besides walking unsteadily.
Fine motor: They can clap their hands, stack two blocks and put around three objects in a container.
Speech and Language: The child makes different sounds like “ma,” “da,” “ba,” “na,” and “ga”. They respond to commands, say a few words, uses various gestures and they can show, react and point to different objects.
Emotional: The emotional aspect includes affection, curiosity, fear to strangers, exploration and so on.
Social: The children learn to play various games, wave bye-bye, understands negative and positive meanings and exchange objects.

  • 1 – 1 ½years of age

Gross Motor: The child can walk sideways and backward and downstairs holding the railing.
Fine motor: They can scribble and hold two objects in their hands.
Speech and Language: The children can speak various jargon and intelligible words. They can also use questions of one or two words.
Emotional: The children are upset when they are separated from their mother and fear taking bath during this time.
Social: They obey certain commands, repeats words and feel interested in the mirror images.

  • 1 ½ – 2years of age

Gross Motor: The kids are able to walk upwards, run and undress.
Fine motor: They can intimate vertical strokes, remove shoes, untie laces and eat on its own.
Speech and Language: They love to listen to simple stories, rhyme, and songs. They can also point to point to different pictures in a book when they are named. They learn to use small phrases and repeat words that they overhear during conversations. They also show the familiarity with the names of different people and body parts.
Emotional: They cry when they need something and show temper tantrums up to the age of 3 years.
Social: The children compete for different objects like toys with other children and wants to be independent, showing defiant behavior.

  • 2-3years of age

Gross Motor: The children can climb ten steps, walk freely on all types of surfaces and throw balls using both the hands.
Fine motor: They are able to string beads, make horizontal strokes, screw lids, and button dresses.
Speech and Language: They use short sentences and ask for objects by naming them for language development.
Emotional: Negativistic and violent emotions show up during the age of 2.5 years. They show different facial expressions to express anger, sorrow, humor, and joy and experience fear of separation.
Social: They copy the action of others, including parents, become possessive about toys and enjoys playing with others. They resist the demands of their parents but are unable to make decisions.

  • 3-4years of age

Motor Ability: The children are able to stand on one leg, hump and draw circles and crosses.
Speech and Language: The children learn to answer simple questions and talk about different activities that take place at school or at a friend’s home. Speech and language development in people outside their families can understand them. They can speak sentences that have more than four words and tell stories.
Emotional: They become self-sufficient in different activities at home and are affectionate towards their parents, family members, and friends. They also have imaginary fears of injury and darkness.
Social: They learn to share things among themselves, cooperate and play with others. They also learn to pretend during play.

  • 4-5years of age

Motor Ability: The children have mature control over their motor senses. They can skip, jump, dress and copy geometric figures like squares and triangles
Speech and Language: They can talk clearly and use speech sounds of adults. They grow the basic sense of grammar and can relate different stories. There have speech and language development in people and they also hear and learn things that are taught at home and school.
Emotional: The senses of guilt and pride appear in the students.
Social: They become competitive and love to play with other children.

You can compare the habits of your children with this information and assess whether they are growing at par with the desired lines.